Thursday, April 3, 2008

Alanya, Turkey

A card sent to my by one of my former pen-friends, Helle Pedersen from Denmark, from her summer holiday in 2000, when she went to Turkey.
Apart from being a really close friend to me, she was also a huge fan of New Kids On the Block.....hey, i was still 13/14 back then :))
Though, i must say, i still remember by heart many of the NKOTB's songs :)

Alanya is a seaside resort city and district of Antalya province in the Mediterranean region of Turkey.
The city has changed hands many times over the centuries, and its name has reflected this. Alanya was first known in Latin as Coracesium or in Greek as Korakesion, meaning "point/protruding city".
Under the Byzantine Empire it become known as Kalonoros or Kalon Oros, meaning "beautiful" or "fine mountain" in Greek.

The Seljuks renamed the city Alaiye, a derivative of the Sultan Alaeddin Keykubad I's name.
In the 13th and 14th centuries, Italian traders called the city Candelore or Cardelloro.
In his 1935 visit, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk finalized the name in the new alphabet as Alanya, changing the 'i' and 'e' in Alaiye, reportedly because of a misspelled telegram in 1933.

The card shows the Alanya Castle. It is a medieval castle and most of it was built in the 13th century, under the Seljuk Sultanate of Rum, following the city's conquest in 1220 by Alaeddin Keykubad I, as part of a building campaign that included the Kizil Kule.
This castle was built on the remnants of earlier Byzantine Era and Roman Era fortifications. The castle is located 250 meters high on a rocky peninsula into the Mediterranean Sea which protects it from three sides. After the area was pacified under the Ottoman Empire the castle ceased to be purely defensive, and numerous villas were built inside the walls during the 19th century.
Today the building is an open air museum. Access to the seaward castle is ticketed, but much of the area inside the wall, including the landward castle is open to the general public.

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